Category Archives: CMS

When to WordPress; When not to WordPress.

We like Postlight. They’re really good at talking about the reasons they do things and exposing these conversations to the world. In Gina Trapani’s recent post (Director of Engineering at Postlight), she gives some really useful advice on when and when not to use WordPress.

I thought it’d be useful to delve into this topic a little and expose some of the conversations we’ve had at Isotoma over the years. We’ve done a lot of what you might call ‘complex content management system’ projects in the past and, as a matter of policy, one of the first things we do when we start talking to potential customers about this kind of thing is ask “Why aren’t we doing this in WordPress?”

This is one of the most valuable questions an organisation can ask themselves when they start heading down the road to a new website. Trapani’s excellent article basically identifies 3 key reasons why WordPress represents excellent value:

  1. You can deliver a high number of features for a very low financial outlay
  2. It’s commoditised and therefore supportable and by a large number of agencies who will compete on price for your business
  3. It’s super easy to use and thus, easy to hire for

Complexity issues

For us though, there’s a more implicit reason to ask the question ‘Why not WordPress?’
The more customised a software project is, the more complex it becomes. The more complexity there is, the more risk and expense the customer is exposed to. Minimising exposure to risk and reducing expense are always desirable project outcomes for everyone involved in the project – though that’s rarely an explicit requirement.

So all of a sudden, just understanding these issues and asking the question “Why aren’t we using WordPress?” becomes a really valuable question for an organisation to ask.

Good reasons not to choose WordPress

Through asking that question, you’ll discover that there are many valid reasons not to use WordPress. I thought it might be illuminating to unpack some of the most frequent ones we come across. So I thought back to projects we’ve delivered recently and teased out some reasons why we or our customers chose not to use WordPress.

1. When the edge case is the project

If you overlay your CMS requirements onto the features WordPress offers, you’ll almost always find a Venn Diagram that looks a lot like this:
wordpress-Venn

The bits that jut out at the side? That’s where the expense lives. Delivering these requirements – making WordPress do something it doesn’t already do, or stop doing something it does – can get expensive fast. In our experience, extending any CMS to make it behave more like another product is a sign that you’re using the wrong tool for the job.

In fact, a simpler way of thinking about it is to redo the Venn diagram:

wordpress-venn-02

If you can cut those expensive requirements then fantastic. We’d always urge you to do so.
But ask this question while you do:

What’s the cost if I need to come back to these requirements in 18 months and deliver them in the chosen platform?

  • Is it hard?
  • What kind of hard is it?

Is it the kind of hard where someone can tell you what the next steps are? Or the kind of hard where people just suck their teeth and stare off into the middle distance?

The difference between those two states can run into the thousands and thousands of pounds so it’s definitely worth having the conversation before you get stuck in.

If you can’t get rid of the edge cases; if, in fact, the edge cases *are* your project, then we’d usually agree that WordPress is not the way forward.

2. Because you need to build a business with content

We’ve worked with one particular customer since 2008 when they were gearing up to become a company whose primary purpose was delivering high quality content to an incredibly valuable group of subscribers. WordPress would have delivered almost all of their requirements back then but we urged them to go in a different direction. One of the reasons we did this was to ensure that they weren’t building a reliance on someone else’s platform into a critical area of their business.

WordPress and Automattic will always be helpful and committed partners and service providers. However, they are not your business and they have their own business plans which you have neither access to or influence on. For our customer, this was not an acceptable situation and mitigating that risk was worth the extra initial outlay.

3. Because vanity, vanity; all is vanity

There is nothing wrong with being a special snowflake. Differentiation is hard and can often be the silver bullet that gets you success where others fail. We understand if there are some intangibles that drive your choice of CMS and broadly support your right to be an agent in your own destiny. You don’t want to use WordPress because WordPress is WordPress?
Congratulations and welcome to Maverick Island. We own a hotel here. Try the veal.

Seriously though, organisational decision making is often irrational and that’s just the way it is. When this kind of thing happens though, it’s important to be able to tell that it’s happening. You should aim to be as clear as possible about which requirements are real requirements and which are actually just Things We Want Because We Want Them. Confusing one with the other is a sure-fire way to increase the cost of your project – both financial and psychic.

If you want to know more about migrating CMS’ and the different platforms available, just contact us or send an email to hello@isotoma.com. As you can probably tell, this is the kind of thing we like talking about.

Transforming a business platform

The-Key-Transform-CMS

As you may have seen in our previous blog post – Evolving The Key: insights from user research – after a year in design and development we recently helped The Key Support relaunch The Key for School Leaders and School Governors. This post looks at the technology selections for the refresh of The Key’s content management platform and why certain elements were chosen.

In the nine years since launching The Key has grown to support almost half of schools in England, with an amazing 75,000 registered school leaders and 17,000 registered governors having access to 5,000 original resources every month. It is now one of the most trusted sources of information in the education sector.

Selecting a platform

The sustained growth of The Key in both size and breadth meant there was a real need to TheKey-Screen1
update the underlying platform.  The new content management system (CMS) needed to be efficient at managing user subscriptions, making the right content available to the right users (The Key has 7 different classes of user), as well as being ready for any future expansion plans.

The platform for the past 9 years has been Plone, an open source enterprise content management system first released 15 years ago. In 2007 – when we built the first version of The Key – Plone was the ideal choice, but as the business requirements have expanded and been refined over the years we felt it was a good time to revisit that selection when we were presented with the opportunity to completely refresh both sites.

As The Key has grown in size so has the variety of content they are displaying on the site. As the breadth and types of this content has developed The Key have struggled with the restrictions created by the traditional template-driven nature of Plone. This prompted us to consider more flexible CMS options.

The solution? A shift from Plone to Wagtail.

The-Key-Wagtail-CMS

We were already pretty impressed with Wagtail, having already used it on a couple of smaller projects. Like Plone it’s an open source CMS written in Python, but Wagtail is built on Django, our preferred web framework, giving us all the advantages that Django brings. We wanted to make sure that the new platform would stand the test of time as well as the previous Plone solution had, so we ran a careful evaluation process between a group of Django based solutions – including Wagtail, Mezzanine, Django CMS and a bespoke pure Django approach – to see which would best meet The Key’s requirements. We’re pleased to say that Wagtail came out the clear winner!

There are a few reasons we were particularly impressed with Wagtail for an application of this size and scale…

  • It is highly extensible, meaning that we could push the user model very hard and accommodate the intricacies of The Key’s user base
  • There’s an extremely high quality ‘out of the box’ admin system, meaning that we could hit the goal of improving the editor experience without huge amounts of bespoke development
  • Wagtail supports the notion of page centric content management (through its StreamFields) which allowed us to build much richer pages than a traditional template driven CMS
  • There are powerful versioning tools built into the framework which would give The Key the level of control they need when managing changes to sensitive content

These features of Wagtail aligned beautifully with The Key’s requirements, allowing us to focus on delivering the features that they really needed.

Wagtail is a new and exciting open source platform which is constantly growing with new features and contributions. We were really looking forward to being involved and contributing some elements of our own.

Making the move…

One of the first tasks to complete as part of the move was to export the data out of Plone and into Wagtail. This involved the careful migration of over 30,000 pages across two websites, complete with full page history, allowing us to preserve all of The Key’s valuable content and metadata.

The goals of this project were manyfold for The Key:

  • Improve the member experience, making it easier to manage a school’s membership
  • Improve members’ ability to self-serve, improving their experience and reducing the workload of the team as the business grows
  • Improve the quality and measurability of online marketing activities
  • Improve the quality and robustness of reporting tools.

Making the move from Plone to Wagtail held so many benefits for The Key we couldn’t write about them all, but have summarised our favourites:

  • Improved user acquisition journey
  • Improved signposting of the huge variety of content on the site
  • It’s a long term solution, Wagtail can expand and grow alongside The Key
  • Flexible modular home page

Another important task was to ensure that any user behaviour tracking was successfully migrated over to Wagtail. The Key harness their large database of users to track and record vital information which is then translated into leading insights, ensuring The Key remain at the forefront of trends and industry changes.

Through our longstanding relationship with The Key we understand how valuable this data is, so we used a custom API to integrate a data warehousing service called Keen.io. This service intelligently stores the data allowing The Key to collate, store and build their own queries and analysis of user behaviour, allowing them to constantly refine and improve their content to better serve their members.

Monitoring performance

To ensure the stability of the complex infrastructure that supports a project of this scale we installed New Relic – a real-time software analytics program. New Relic provides deep performance analysis for every part of TheKey-Screen2The Key’s platform, enabling us to make faster decisions, monitor interactions, quickly pinpoint errors and achieve better business results for The Key.

What we’ve found working with Wagtail is that it’s so flexible, customisable, scalable and user friendly. It’s working wonders for some of our other clients too. If you’re interested to know what moving to Wagtail could do for the performance of your site then get in touch, we won’t try and sell you something you don’t want or need!

Stay tuned

The next blog installment: How has The Key benefited this update a month after deployment?

In our next blog post about The Key we’ll be revisiting the site a month after deployment to find out how their staff members got on with the CMS change and what impact it has had on the business.

If you found this article interesting and are looking for an agency to help you with an upcoming project, please do contact us and find out how we can help you. Alternatively you can read about some more of our work and see how we have helped other companies achieve their goals.